Definition of Indriya (senses)
The senses walk along with one's intellect.
Eyes, ears, skin, nose and tongue are the five medium of senses.
These 5 senses are the medium through which our intellect/thoughts are defined. Senses are dependent upon our mind.
If our mind is not focused on one thing we may not be able to notice or learn anything. It all depends upon our focus and mind.
There are five substances of senses wiz Sky, air, fire, water and earth. Each sense has a related substance.
- Ear is sky.
- Skin is air.
- Eyes is fire
- Tongue is water
- Nose is earth.
All these five senses have carriers. Eyes, ears, tongue, skin and nose. These are the basic building blocks of life and the quality of life depends upon it.
One must try to understand the concept of Senses AKA indriyas so as to understand the underlying reason behind Karma,
Knowledge of Senses (indriyas)
Five indriya has five knowledges. Chakshuburdhi (what we see), kshotra budhi (what we hear), Dhana budhi (what we feel) and what we taste.
These senses help us to determine the taste and sense different objects in the world.
It is important to understand these senses because they define our pravarti or the attitude towards life and ourselves. We are all about how we use our senses.
until the senses are balanced and working we won't be able to understand anything in this world.
Positive and negative Pravarti (attitude)
Pravarti - inclination or attitude towards life. for example "He is very restless and has a short tempered pravarti"
our intellect depends upon our thoughts, spirit defines our attitude towards life. Our karma and state of mind are also dependent upon them.
Thoughts, thinking and discussion these define how our intellect would shape out.
In other words our intellect, senses and its objects determine our attitude towards positivity or negativity in life.
If there is a good balance and knowledge about these the person has a positive attitude. WHen these are maligned a person attains negative attitude towards life in general.
It is because of our intellect and carriers of the senses and their purification state that defines how our attitude would be. Positive or negative.
Subjects of Indriyas
There are five indriyas, they have 5 substances, they have 5 subjects and it has 5 types of info.
The business of our mind, thinking of the subjects, thoughts and mind are dependent upon our chetana (subconcious mind).
This means that when a man wishes for something and engages into an activity.
The type or wish and the orientation of engaging into an activity drives along with the senses. "Pravarti", is made up of these senses and subjects that reside in them.
Intellect is one but takes different forms. We may put intellect to see dharma, karma or kama (sex)
It depends on pravarti (the orientation of our intellect). Whether the intellect is oriented towards dharma, karma or Kama.
Behaviour of our senses (indriya)
note: Mahabhoota (5 mahabhoot are fire, water, land, air, sky)
The five indriyas are located in the mind. These are directly related to their respective mahabhoota
Ears, tongue nose etc all have their roots in the mind. We may feel on the skin but the paraindri (the source of indriya or the senses) are located in the mind.These indriyas are connected to their respective mahabhootas.
Each indriya enjoys different type of sensuality. WHen there is an imbalance in the indriyas it impacts our thinking and our body.
For example, too much of taste indriya i.e. the tongue may lead to over eating and weight gain. TOo much of addiction of alcohol may lead to side effects and damage to the liver.
The five indriyas are the basis of 3 doshas viz Vata Pitta and kapha. If there is a balance in three doshas, we enjoy good health. If there is an imbalance we suffer from an ailment.
In other words, the imbalance of the doshas in our body depends upon our senses.
The senses are the horses of the chariot which are intellect is riding. If our mind or our intellect cannot control the 5 horses on the chariot. This would probably end up in an accident. (inbalance)
We tend to lose control on our senses AKA indriyas. Once we lose the control inbalance occurs. It is hence very important to control our indriyas which in turn will help in keeping a balance in try doshas.
We must balance out the way we sense things. Too much or too less of senses leads to an inbalance. If we are addicted to too much spicy food we may suffer from diarrhea and abdominal discomfort. Too little or no spice is also not good as a little spice helps in digestion and metabolism.
Controlling the Indriyas (senses)
Controlling the indriyas start from properly using them. There are different ways we can use them
- Samyoga -- when optimum use of indriya. A balanced approach.
- Ati yoga -- too much of use of indriya
- Heenyoga OR mythyoga - incorrect usage of indriya
Happyness, sadness, desire, commitment, memory are all subjects of our intellect. Intellect is dependent on our senses.
If there is a samyoga of happiness it is good. SAmyoga means optimum level of happiness. One must neither get too much happy about something. NOr too sad.
If there is a heenyoga (when we get happy about nothing, start laughing for no reason) it is wrong too. Too much of laughing aint good.
Extreme behavior impacts our body and creates an imbalance. Hence, it is important to control our senses.
There are following tips to keep the indriyas (senses) in samayoga (optimum use)
- All karmas and activities must be taken on with ease. One should not make hurry for anything. Properly dissect the problem and then come up with a solution.
- One must not eat food that is uncompatible with the season, reason, body and mind. In other words one must follow Seasonal routine guidelines.
So a wise man must follow the guidelines and rules. These rules or guidelines are not boring but these help in winning and attaining Balanced indriyas and intellect in turn.
IN other words a man should control his mind. One must not go for sensual pleasure too much. One must not desire too much for something. There should be a dispassion. Too much of passion leads to many problems. Passion puts you in anxiety and depression.
Passion is one word for inbalance in our indriyas (senses).
If there is imbalance in the senses there would be an imbalance in the Doshas (vata, pitta or kapha). Too much of anger gives rise to Pitta. Too much of lazyness gives rise to Kapha, too much of confusion and irregular routine gives rise to Vata.
The imbalance is the root cause of any ailment that body suffers.